References on Protective Clothing

  1. Ankarath, S.; Giannoudis, P.V.; Barlow,I.; Bellamy, M.C. Matthews, S.J. & Smith, R.M. (2002), Injury patterns associated with mortality following motorcycle crashes. Injury, 33(6), 473-7.

  2. Begg, D.J.; Langley, J.D. & Reeder, A.I. (1994), Motorcycle crashes in New Zealand resulting in death and hospitalization. I: Introduction methods and overview. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 26(2), 157-164.

  3. Benton, M. (2002) Motorcycle Safety: Results of quantitative research with motorcyclists and drivers: A marketing research report, Prepared by Tailor Nelson Sofres for the Roads and Traffic Authority, Sydney.

  4. Berg, Alexander F.; Burkle, Heiko; Schmidts, Frank & Epple, Jorg, (1998), Analysis of the passive safety of motorcycles using accident investigations and crash tests, DEKRA Automobil AG, Germany Paper no 98-s10-0-11, 2221-2236.

  5. BMF (2003), Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), A Briefing from the British Motorcycle Federation, British Motorcyclists Federation, Conwyn House, 14-16 Briton Street,Leicester LE3 OAA.

  6. Brooks, P & Guppy, A (1990), Driver awareness and motorcycle accidents, Proceedings: International Motorcycle Safety Conference, Florida, USA, October

  7. CEC (1989) The Council of the European Communities Directive on the Approximation of the Laws of the Member States relating to Personal Protective Equipment 89/686/EEC, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, CONSLEG: 1989L0686-08/10/1996.

  8. Craig, G.R., Sleet, R. & Wood, S.R. (1983), Lower Limb injuries in motorcycle accidents, Injury, 15, 163-166.

  9. Crick, Oliver (2003) Winter Suites, Ride, Issue No. 92, January 2003, UK.

  10. de Rome, L. & Brandon, T. (2007), A Survey of Motorcyclists in NSW, 2006: A report to the Motorcycle Council of NSW, Produced by LdeR Consulting for the Motorcycle Council of NSW, Inc., 15 Huddleston Street, Colyton,

  11. de Rome, L. (2006), The injury reduction benefits of Motorcycle protective clothing. Presentation to the NTSB Motorcycle Safety Forum, September 12 & 13th, 2006, Washington.

  12. de Rome, L. & Stanford, G. (2006), Motorcycle protective clothing: Fashion or function?, Paper presented at The 2006 International Motorcycle Safety Conference: The Human Element (IMSC), Motorcycle Safety Foundation, March 28-30, Long Beach , USA.

  13. de Rome, L. (2005), A product safety assurance system for motorcycle protective clothing. Paper presented at the 2005 Road Safety Research, Policing and Education Conference, Wellington, NZ.

  14. de Rome, Liz (2005), Protective clothing and injury reduction, Gearing Up, A seminar for the motorcycle accessories industry funded by the Motor Accidents Authority of NSW, Sydney.

  15. de Rome, Liz (2005), European Standards: A new benchmark, Gearing Up, A seminar for the motorcycle accessories industry funded by the Motor Accidents Authority of NSW, Sydney.

  16. de Rome, L & Stanford, G (2003) Motorcycle Protective Clothing, Road Safety Research, Policing and Education Conference, Sydney, 24-26 September, 2003.

  17. de Rome, L.; Stanford, G & Wood, B (2002), MCC Survey of Motorcyclists, Motorcycle Council of NSW.

  18. de Rome, L. & Stanford, G (2002), Positioned for Safety: Road Safety Strategic Plan 2002-2005, Motorcycle Council of NSW.

  19. Doyle, D.; Muir ,M. & Chinn, B. (1995), Motorcycle accidents in Strathclyde Region, Scotland during 1992: a study of the injuries sustained, Health Bulletin, 53(6), 386-94, 1995 Nov.

  20. EEVC (1993), Report on Motorcycle Safety, European Experimental Vehicles Committee.

  21. Feldkamp, G. & Junghanns, K. (1976), The typical traffic accident in adolescents: The motorcycle accident – some epidemiologic features and the effectiveness of safety helmets and clothing. Proceedings of IRCOBI Amsterdam, 1976, p75-80.

  22. Gibson, T (2004) Personal communication, Human Impact Engineering, Sydney.

  23. Haworth, N, de Rome, L, Varnsverry, P & Rowden, P (2007) Motorcycle protective clothing: Are stars better than standards? Paper presented at the 2007 Road Safety Research, Policing and Education Conference, Melbourne.

  24. Haworth, N.L.; Ozanne-Smith, J.E.; Fox, B. & Brumen, I. (1994), Motorcycle related injuries to children and adolescents, MUARC Report 56, Monash University.

  25. Hell, W. & Lob, G. (1993), Typical injury patterns of motorcyclists in different crash types- Effectiveness & improvement of countermeasures. In proceedings 37th Annual Proceedings Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 77-86, Nov 4-6, San Antonio, Texas.

  26. Hurt, H. H. Jr., Ouellet, J.V. & Thom, D.R. (1981), Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures, Final Report to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US Department of Transportation, PB 81-206443, 81-206450.

  27. Hurt, H. H. Jr., Ouellet, J.V. & Wagar, I.J. (1981), Effectiveness of motorcycle safety helmets and protective clothing, Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the American Association for Automotive Medicine, San Francisco pp 223-235.

  28. Koch, H. (1996), Improvement of motorcycle riders secondary safety by protectors fitted to riders clothing, 15th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Melbourne, Report DOT HS 808 465, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, USA pp 1160-1166.

  29. Mackay, Murray (1986), Lower limb injuries to riders of motorcycles Biomechanics and Medica Aspects of Lower Limb Injuries Conference Proceedings, P-186, Society of Automotive Engineers, San Diego California, Published by Warrendale, PA USA, pp.129-135, ISBN: 0-89883-749-9.

  30. MCN (2003), How Safe is Your Skin, 16 page special investigation, MCN Supplement, Motorcycle News, May 21, 2003.

  31. MCN (1997), Tread Carefully at Boot Sale, Motorcycle News, May 21, 1997.

  32. MCN (1997), Altberg gives rival kit a good kicking, Motorcycle News, May 28, 1997

  33. Noordzij, PC; Forke, E; Bredicke, R & Chinn, BP (2001) Integration of needs of moped and motorcycle riders into safety measures, Review and statistical analsys in the framework of hte European research project PROMISING, Workpackage 3 SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, Leidschendam, The Netherlands.

  34. O'Conner, PJ; Kloeden, C. & McLean, AJ (2002) Do full-face helmets offer greater protection against cervical spinal cord injury than open-face helmets?, Traffic Injury Prevention 3:247-250.

  35. Otte, D. & Middelhauve, V (1987), Quantification of protective effects of special synthetic protectors in clothing for motorcyclists, 1987 International RCOBI Conference of the Biomechanics of Impacts, Birmingham, pp.1-18.

  36. Otte, D.; Schroeder, G. & Richter, M. (2002), Possibilities for load reductions using garment leg protectors for motorcyclists – a technical, medical and biomechanical approach, 46th Proceedings, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 367-385.

  37. Ouellet,J (1982) Environmental Hazards in Motorcycle Accidents, 26th Annual Proceedings American Association for Automotive Medicine, Ottawa. pp117-129.

  38. Pegg, S.P. & Mayze. T.D (1983), Burn Injuries associated with motorcycles, Burns Vol. 9(40) pp 288-91 March.

  39. Prime, D.M. (1984), Tests on the protection afforded by various fabrics and leathers in a simulated impact of a motorcyclist on a road surface, 1984 International RCOBI Conference of the Biomechanics of Impacts, Delft, pp.253-264.

  40. Reeder A.I.; Chalmers D.J. & Langley J.D. (1996), The risky and protective motorcycling opinions and behaviours of young on-road motorcyclists in New Zealand, Social Science & Medicine, 42(9), pp.1297-311.

  41. Ride (2003) Winter Suites, Ride, Issue No. 92, January 2003, UK

  42. Robertson, S & Porter, JM (1987) Motorcycle Ergonomics: an exploratory study, Contemporary Ergonomics.

  43. RoSPA (2001)Motorcyling Safety - Position Paper Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

  44. RTA (2002) Traffic Accidents in New South Wales 2000 Statistical Statement; Year ended 31 December, 2000, Road Safety Branch, Roads and Traffic Authority, November.

  45. RTA (2003) Braking habits, RTA/Pub 03.160, Roads and Traffic Authority, September.

  46. SATRA, (2002), Motorcycle Impact Abrasion Testing, Unpublished report, DTI Battran Project No: 712000, SATRA Technology Centre, SATRA House, Rockingham Road, Kettering, Northamptonshire, NN16 9JH, United Kingdom

  47. Schuller, E.; Beier, G. & Spann, W. (1982), Effectiveness of protective clothing in Munich area motorcycle accidents, Proceedings 26th Stapp Car Crash Conference, Ann Arbor, SAE Technical Paper 821162, pp.259-267.

  48. Schuller, E.; Beir, G. & Spann, W. (1986), Disability and impairment of protected and unprotected motorcycle riders, Proceedings of the SAE International Congress and Exposition – Crash Injury Impairment and Disability: Long Term Effects, Detroit, MI, Warrendale, PA, pp.51-56, ISBN 0-89883-932-7.

  49. Standards Australia (2000), Motorcycle Protective Clothing: Guidelines for Manufacturing, HB 173-2000.

  50. Torpey, Sandra, Ken Ogden, Max Cameron & Peter Vulcan (1991), Indicative benefit/cost analysis of road trauma countermeasures: Interim Report for discussion, MUARC, Monash University.

  51. Wells, S; Mullins, B; Norton, R; Langley, J; Connor, J; Lay-Yee, R and Jackson, R. (2004) Motorcycle rider conspicuity and crash related injury: case-control study. British Medical Journal, BMJ Online, BMJ, doi:10.1136/bmj.37984.574757.EE (published 2 February 2004).

  52. Woods, R. I.; (1983), Cooling of Motorcyclists in various clothing during winter iBritain, Ergonomics, Volume:v 26 n. 9 Sep, 1983 p 847-861, ISSN:0014-0139

  53. Woods, R.I. (1986) Relation between clothing thickness and cooling during motorcycling, Ergonomics, Volume:v 29 Issue number: n 3 p455-462.

  54. Woods, R.I. (1996), Testing of protective clothing for motorcyclists: validation of laboratory tests by accident studies, Performance of Protective Clothing: Fifth Volume ASTM STP 1237, James S. Johnson & S.Z. Mansdorf, Eds., American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, pp 43-56.

  55. Woods, R.I. (1996), Specification of motorcyclists’ protective clothing designed to reduce road surface impact injuries. Performance of Protective Clothing: Fifth Volume ASTM STP 1237, James S. Johnson and S.Z. Mansdorf, Eds., American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, 1996. pp 3-22.

  56. Zettas J.P.; Zettas P. & Thanasophon, B. (1979), Injury patterns in motorcycle accidents, Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care. 19(11), 833-6.